Solarizing weeds can help you create an awesome atmosphere in your house’s outdoor space and change the looks of their garden. Every home gardener would know the struggles of keeping the weeds out of their lawn. But have you ever thought of sunlight as a solution?
Before starting the process and decorating the garden, you will need to get basics out of the way. One of the best things that you’ll need for a healthy garden is no weeds. If your garden develops too many weeds, it can be a nightmare for you. Getting rid of the weeds is very important, and they will keep growing back again and again. You’ll have to periodically keep removing them from your garden. However, there are some ways in which you can get rid of weeds and prevent them from re-growing again.
Solarization is Here to Save You!
Soil solarization is a beneficial process that can save you. This method will help grow your garden faster. While it might take its time, you’ll surely like the results.
Below mentioned are some of the best steps that you can follow to enjoy a weed free garden.
Soil solarization is basically a chemical free way of removing the weeds from your garden and achieving a weed free garden and keeping it wedding fre for a while. You can use solarization on your private garden, or in commercial ones as well. This method is mostly used in sunny areas, however, you can also use this method in cold climate and colder areas as well.
With the help of sun’s heat, you can literally transform how your soil behaves. You can get a cleaner looking garden by killing the pathogens that give rise to the unwanted weeds in your garden. To do this, you will have to cover the soil with plastic after treating it. The soil should then be left for several days to achieve the desired results. Solarization dine through this process heats up the soil to around 52 °C. This much heat is more than enough to kill the pests within and release healthy nutrients to improve soil fertility.
The surface soil benefits the most from this method. The effectiveness of this method decreases as we go in the deeper layers of soil. However, this technique is proven to help in suppressing weeds both on the short and in the long term. So, of you’re fed up of the weeds in your garden soil, and don’t want to use any chemical as well, you can rely on solarization to save your day.
The Basics of Solarization
Learning the basics are always the best thing that you can do to start learning anything. There are lots of different types of weeds with their own properties.
To see if solarization will be tight for your garden, you should analyze the tyoe of weeds that you garden has, and whether they are affecting other plants in your garden or not. There are some tyoes of weeds that you can keep in your lawn safely. They also have flowers, and look good in your garden. So, you can just leave them as it is to add some color to your garden. They are even edible, and can provide you with many benefits.
However, if you plan on keeping these weeds in your garden, you’ll need to regularly keep an eye on them. You can cut the excess weeds if they start spreading too much. You must keep the bad weeds under control.
Bad weeds can take up the nutrients that other plants in your garden badly need. So, if you don’t want these weeds in your garden, you can use the solarization technique as your savior.
Things You’ll Need
In order to prepare the soil in your garden for solarization, you’ll have to get the soil ready.
Having all the materials ready is very important before you even start the process. So, here are the things that you’ll need to solarize the soil in your garden.
Brush trimmers are used to cut bushes. You can buy both the manual and electric brush trimmers from the market. However, weeds are best controlled with the help of electrical trimmer.
- You can use a chainsaw to cut the thicker parts of plants and specifically trees.
- You can also buy a mattock, which is similar to a pickaxe. You can use your mattock to dig out rocks from the soil.
- You can also use a lawn mower to do the job. Keep in mind that mowing and reaping are two different processes. Reaping specifically means harvesting.
Some of the other items that you’ll need are a tiller, a rake, polyethylene sheet, landscape fabric, and a mulch. These things should be enough to start with.
After gathering all the required items, you can finally start the soil trimming process. Soil preparation is the most important part of this process.
Another important thing in this process is being patient, since you are going to try a long method to get rid of the weeds. Your hands might also get dirty in the process. But never give up, as the results will surely be great.
Before preparing the garden soil for solarization, you’ll have to clean the soil thoroughly. You should clean all the debris from the soil before starting the actual process. If the vegetation in your garden is tall, you can take your electric trimmer and cut all the extra weeds.
The Mowing Process
The mowing process should be started right after the trimming process. While mowing, you should cover every bit of the land. You can also use a chainsaw to cut down the shrubs and trees in your garden. You can use the mattock afterwards to reach the roots to eventually remove the stumps.
Keep in mind that the soil in your garden must be cleaned of any debris before moving to the next step. Having smooth and clean soil is very important. So, remove everything you can from the soil.
After removing all the debris from the soil and cutting the vegetation, you can use the tiller to remove remaining weeds. You shouldn’t use a small garden cultivator, as that won’t be enough to do the task. That is why you should use a large tiller with more power.
A large tiller will go deep into the ground to make sure that the weeds are loosened up. This way, you’ll be able to remove the whole plants that you don’t need along with their roots.
The best thing about removing plants along with their roots is that it keeps them from growing back again. However, if some roots are left in the ground, the plants will likely grow again. Make sure that there are no roots or stones left in the soil.
However, getting rid of the stubborn roots and grass becomes a bit difficult at times. So, if things are looking messy, just keep cleaning the soil until there are no unwanted things left in it.
After the last step, you can sprinkle water on the soil to moisten the area. Keep in mind that the soil shouldn’t be too wet, this is only done to trap the heat inside the soil.
The Solarization Process
One of the best benefits of solarization is that it doesn’t let the weeds grow back after the soil has been solarized. So, the fact that solarization doesn’t let the weeds grow back is great as the results are long lasting. It kills the seeds of the weeds that are hiding underneath the soil.
Other methods like landscape fabric aren’t that effective in removing weeds. The weeds are grow back from the holes that you create for your plants.
Before starting the solarization process, you can dig a trench around the garden. The trench can be up to one foot deep and one foot wide. This trench can be used to keep the plastic sheet in place.
After cleaning the soil, you can place the plastic sheet on top of cleaned soil. After placing the plastic sheet in place, you can put the extra soil back in the trench to keep the sheet in place.
Cleaning the soil thoroughly will help you on this step when no sharp sticks will damage the plastic sheet.
Now after placing the plastic sheet on the soil, let the whole thing sit under the sun for some time. Sunlight will heat up the plastic sheet and soil to start killing the pathogens.
The plastic sheet should ideally be left on the land for two months, or at least for two weeks to start seeing the results. The ideal duration in your case will depend on the season amongst other factors.
After this time period, you can remove the plastic sheet and lay down the landscape fabric. From that, you can follow the next steps and start the plant growing process in your brand new, weed free garden.